13/08/2022

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COVID-19 vaccines – what to expect: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

COVID-19 vaccines are utilized to enhance the body’s immune system and protect against COVID-19. These vaccines are a crucial software to support end the COVID-19 pandemic.

Learn what to assume in advance of and following you are vaccinated for COVID-19.

Right before YOU GET THE VACCINE

Examine with your condition well being department to obtain out when you are suitable to get a vaccine. You really should be in a position to obtain out how to sign up for a vaccine and at what spot. You can also check the CDC VaccineFinder to obtain out where to get a vaccine in your spot.

Right before you go to your appointment, check your confirmation emails to obtain out what you might want to carry to the appointment. For example, you might want your driver’s license or other ID or evidence of eligibility.

If you take any medicines, you really should hold having them as you generally do. If you take medicines that influence the immune system, talk with your well being care provider to obtain out if obtaining the COVID-19 vaccine will perform or induce any complications for you.

You really should not take around-the-counter agony relievers this kind of as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen to support reduce aspect consequences in advance of you get the vaccine. It is not identified if these medicines will influence how nicely the vaccine operates. However, if you take these medicines frequently for other good reasons, you can take them as you constantly do.

You really should also not take antihistamines to support reduce an allergic response in advance of you get the vaccine.

If you have any thoughts about your medicines, request your well being care provider or the vaccine provider.

In the course of YOUR VACCINE APPOINTMENT

You will want to use a mask at the vaccination web site the entire time. Everyone else at the web site will also have to use a mask. Test to stay at the very least six toes away from other individuals at all periods.

After you get your vaccine, you will wait at the vaccination web site for 15 minutes to make absolutely sure you do not have a extreme allergic response to the shot (this is very scarce). If you have experienced a previous extreme allergic response or if you have experienced an immediate response to immunizations in the previous, you might want to wait for 30 minutes as a precaution. Vaccination web pages are geared up to supply immediate care for extreme allergic reactions and phone for crisis medical care.

At your appointment, you will likely plan the date of your second dose if you are obtaining a two-dose vaccine. You really should receive a vaccination card that tells you what vaccine you received and the date and spot you received it. Be absolutely sure to hold this card if desired for foreseeable future use. You will want to carry it with you for your second dose if you are obtaining a two-dose vaccine.

You really should get hold of the vaccination provider web site:

  • If you did not get a vaccination card or you lose your card
  • If you did not plan an appointment for a second dose
  • If you want to reschedule your second dose

You can also get hold of your condition well being department if you have thoughts about COVID-19 vaccinations.

COVID-19 VACCINE TIMING

If you bought one of the two-dose vaccines, you will want to receive your second dose inside of a specific number of months. You want to get the identical sort (brand) of vaccine for your second dose as you bought for your initially.

  • If you bought the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, you really should get your second Pfizer shot about 21 days (3 months) following the initially shot.
  • If you bought the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, you really should get your second Moderna shot about 28 days (4 months) following the initially shot.
  • The working day you get your initially shot, you will likely also plan the date for your second shot.
  • It requires time for your immune system to start out preserving you following obtaining the vaccine. You are regarded fully vaccinated two months following your second dose.

If you bought the 1-dose vaccine:

  • You only want one shot for this vaccine to protect you against COVID-19.
  • It requires time for your immune system to start out preserving you following obtaining the vaccine. You are regarded fully vaccinated two months following your shot.

You are not fully vaccinated if it has been considerably less than two months since your 1-dose shot or your second two-dose shot. You are not fully vaccinated if you have only received 1 dose of a two-dose vaccine.

Totally vaccinated persons can resume actions without the need of sporting a mask or physically distancing, apart from where necessary by federal, condition, neighborhood, tribal, or territorial legal guidelines, procedures, and polices, together with neighborhood small business and place of work direction.

The CDC has suggestions for what it is safe to do when you are fully vaccinated.

VACCINE Facet Outcomes

While COVID-19 vaccines will not make you sick, they might induce sure aspect consequences and flu-like indicators. This is standard. These indicators are a sign that your physique is generating antibodies against the virus.

Popular aspect consequences consist of:

  • Agony, redness, and swelling on the arm where you bought the shot
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Muscle mass agony
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea

Some persons get a pink, itchy, swollen, distressing rash in the arm where they bought the shot. This is identified as “COVID arm.” This can occur days following obtaining the initially shot. You really should even now get your second shot if you bought a two-dose vaccine. You can request to have it in the other arm.

To support relieve aspect consequences you really should:

  • Move the arm where you bought the shot usually throughout the working day
  • Utilize a clean, neat washcloth to ease swelling and distress
  • Consume lots of fluids
  • Costume evenly if you have a fever

Observe that the aspect consequences from the second dose might be extra extreme than all those from the initially shot. Signs and symptoms from the shot might make you sense lousy adequate that you want to take time off from perform or everyday actions, but they really should go away inside of a couple days. Even if you do have aspect consequences, it is even now vital to get the second shot. The risks of any aspect consequences from the vaccine are much considerably less perilous than the possible for significant health issues or dying from COVID-19.

You might be instructed by the vaccine provider that you can take acetaminophen or an additional OTC drugs this kind of as ibuprofen or aspirin to support relieve any vaccine aspect consequences. Or, talk with your doctor about having OTC drugs if you are not absolutely sure.

If indicators do not go away in a couple days, or if you have any issues, you really should get hold of your well being care provider.

In scarce situations, persons have experienced extreme and non-extreme allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccines. If you have a extreme or non-extreme allergic response following obtaining the initially shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, you really should not get the second shot. Chat with your well being care provider to see if there are other selections.