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Hemoglobin Electrophoresis: MedlinePlus Medical Test

What is hemoglobin electrophoresis?

Hemoglobin is a protein in your purple blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to the relaxation of your overall body. There are several various types of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is a test that measures the various types of hemoglobin in the blood. It also seems to be for abnormal types of hemoglobin.

Typical types of hemoglobin include things like:

  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) A, the most typical kind of hemoglobin in balanced grown ups
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) F, fetal hemoglobin. This kind of hemoglobin is found in unborn toddlers and newborns. HgbF is changed by HgbA shortly just after start.

If degrees of HgbA or HgbF are way too significant or way too small, it can reveal specific types of anemia.

Abnormal types of hemoglobin include things like:

  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) S. This kind of hemoglobin is found in sickle cell disease. Sickle cell disease is an inherited problem that brings about the overall body to make rigid, sickle-shaped purple blood cells. Healthier purple blood cells are adaptable so they can move quickly by means of blood vessels. Sickle cells can get stuck in the blood vessels, producing critical and persistent suffering, infections, and other complications.
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) C. This kind of hemoglobin does not have oxygen nicely. It can cause a moderate form of anemia.
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) E. This kind of hemoglobin is generally found in men and women of Southeast Asian descent. Persons with HgbE typically have no signs or symptoms or moderate signs or symptoms of anemia.

A hemoglobin electrophoresis test applies an electric existing to a blood sample. This separates regular and abnormal types of hemoglobin. Just about every kind of hemoglobin can then be calculated independently.

Other names: Hb electrophoresis, hemoglobin analysis, hemoglobinopathy analysis, hemoglobin fractionation, Hb ELP, sickle cell screen