Fleas and ticks can be more than just an itchy annoyance to your pets—they can induce critical damage. So it’s essential to know how to use flea and tick products securely.  It’s also essential to know whom to report to if you are experiencing problems with these products.

Flea and tick products for animals are controlled by either the Foodstuff and Drug Administration or the Environmental Security Company (EPA). Fda and EPA have an interagency committee that evaluates products on a scenario-by-scenario foundation to ascertain the suitable regulatory company.

Usually talking, the Fda is responsible for approving animal medication and regulates flea and tick products that are specified orally, including drugs, chews, and swallowable liquids, or by injection. EPA, with some exceptions, regulates those products that are applied to animals topically – to pets’ pores and skin or fur. This incorporates shampoos, collars, dust or powder, sprays, and location-on flea and tick products.

The suitable company bases its evaluation on a complete evaluation of specific data on the product’s basic safety and efficiency. This data is offered by the producer or other product sponsor. The sponsor will have to exhibit that the drug or pesticide fulfills recent basic safety criteria to safeguard:

  • the animal,
  • men and women in make contact with with the animal, and
  • the natural environment.

The sponsor will have to also exhibit that the drug or pesticide achieves the claimed outcome, and the product will have to have specific labeling so that it can be made use of securely and proficiently.

While flea and tick products are really normally made use of throughout animals of multiple dimensions, ages and well being profiles (as directed on the label) with no problems, facet consequences can take place. Consumers can report facet consequences to equally the Fda and EPA, as nicely as product suppliers. For that rationale, it’s excellent to maintain on to the product packaging so that you have the make contact with data for the producer, as nicely as specifics like the great deal variety.

You can inform which company regulates the product by looking at the packaging. For Fda-controlled products, search for the letters “NADA” or “ANADA,” followed by a 6-digit variety in this structure: NADA-xxx-xxx or ANADA xxx-xxx.  Solutions controlled by EPA will have an EPA registration variety: EPA Reg. No. xxxxx-xxxxx. These numbers support recognize the precise product much better than the title of the product by itself.

  • To report problems with Fda-authorized flea or tick drug products, make contact with the drug producer immediately (see make contact with data on product labeling) or report to FDA’s Heart for Veterinary Drugs on a Kind Fda 1932a. For more data, be sure to go to
  • To report problems with EPA-controlled products, make contact with the producer immediately (see make contact with data on product labeling), EPA  External Url Disclaimer, or the Nationwide Pesticide Data Heart Exterior Url Disclaimer (NPIC) at 1-800-858-7378.
  • If your pet requirements speedy healthcare care, get in touch with your area veterinarian, a area animal crisis clinic, or the Nationwide Animal Poison Regulate Heart Exterior Url Disclaimer at 1-888-426-4435. The NAPCC fees a fee for session.