How to stop the spread of COVID-19: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia


COVID-19 is an sickness brought on by infection with the SARS-CoV-two virus. COVID-19 most generally spreads involving people today within just near contact (about six toes or 1.8 meters). When a person with the sickness coughs, sneezes, sings, talks, or breathes, droplets carrying the virus spray into the air. You can capture the sickness if you breathe in these droplets.

In some circumstances, COVID-19 could unfold through the air and infect people today who are far more than six toes absent. Little droplets and particles can remain in the air for minutes to hrs. This is termed airborne transmission, and it can occur in enclosed spaces with poor air flow. On the other hand, it is far more widespread for COVID-19 to unfold through near contact.

A lot less normally, the sickness can unfold if you contact a surface area with the virus on it, and then contact your eyes, nose, mouth, or experience. But this is not thought to be the key way the virus spreads.

The possibility of spreading COVID-19 is bigger when you interact carefully with many others who are not in your family for for a longer period periods of time.

You can unfold COVID-19 just before you show signs or symptoms. Some people today with the sickness under no circumstances have signs or symptoms, but can nonetheless unfold the disorder. On the other hand, there are ways to defend by yourself and many others from acquiring COVID-19:

  • Usually put on a experience mask or experience include when you will be all over other people today. This aids lower the unfold of the virus through the air.
  • Keep at the very least six toes (1.8 meters) aside from other people today who are not in your family, even if you are putting on a mask.
  • Wash your hands many situations a working day with cleaning soap and working water for at the very least twenty seconds. Do this just before taking in or preparing meals, right after working with the bathroom, and right after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. Use an alcohol-dependent hand sanitizer (at the very least sixty% alcohol) if cleaning soap and water are not accessible.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing. Droplets that are released when a person sneezes or coughs are infectious. Toss absent the tissue right after use.
  • Stay clear of touching your experience, eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Do not share individual goods these types of as cups, taking in utensils, towels, or bedding. Wash nearly anything you have utilized in cleaning soap and water.
  • Clean up all “high-contact” places in the residence, these types of as doorknobs, bathroom and kitchen area fixtures, bathrooms, phones, tablets, counters, and other surfaces. Use a family cleansing spray and comply with guidelines for use.
  • Know the signs or symptoms of COVID-19. If you create any signs or symptoms, contact your overall health treatment provider.


To help stop the unfold of COVID-19 within just the local community, you should follow social distancing, also termed actual physical distancing. This applies to people today of all ages, which includes youthful people today, youngsters, and children. While any person can get sick, not all people has the exact same possibility of really serious sickness from COVID-19. Older people today and people today with existing overall health conditions these types of as coronary heart disorder, diabetes, being overweight, most cancers, or lung disorder have a bigger possibility of creating significant sickness.

Anyone can help slow the unfold of COVID-19 and help defend these who are most vulnerable. These suggestions can help you and many others stay secure:

  • Test the general public overall health section internet site for details on COVID-19 in your space and comply with nearby rules.
  • At any time you go out of the dwelling, generally put on a experience mask and follow social distancing.
  • Preserve visits outdoors your residence for essentials only. Use delivery services or curbside pick up when achievable.
  • Whenever achievable, if you require to use general public transportation or rideshares, steer clear of touching surfaces, stay six toes from many others, increase circulation by opening windows (if you can), and clean your hands or use hand sanitizer right after your journey finishes.
  • Stay clear of inadequately ventilated indoor spaces. If you require to be inside of with many others not in the exact same family, open up windows to help bring in out of doors air. Investing time outdoor or in well-ventilated spaces can help lower your exposure to respiratory droplets.

While you ought to remain bodily aside from many others, you don’t have to be socially isolated if you pick out safer pursuits.

  • Reach out to good friends and loved ones via phone or video clip chats. Schedule digital social visits normally. Carrying out so can help remind you that we are all in this together, and you are not alone.
  • Stop by with good friends or loved ones in smaller groups outdoors. Be positive to stay at the very least six toes aside at all situations, and put on a mask if you require to be closer than six toes even for a brief time or if you require to go indoors. Organize tables and chairs to make it possible for for social distancing.
  • When greeting just one a further, don’t hug, shake hands, or even bump elbows as this brings you in near contact.
  • If sharing meals, have just one person do all the serving, or have independent serving utensils for each individual guest. Or have visitors bring their own meals and drinks.
  • It is nonetheless most secure to steer clear of crowded general public destinations and mass gatherings, these types of as buying centers, motion picture theaters, restaurants, bars, concert halls, conferences, and sports activities stadiums. If achievable, it is also safer to steer clear of general public transportation.


If you have COVID-19 or have signs or symptoms of it, you ought to isolate by yourself at residence and steer clear of contact with other people today, both inside of and outdoors your residence, to steer clear of spreading the sickness. This is termed residence isolation (also regarded as “self-quarantine”).

  • As much as achievable, stay in a particular place and absent from many others in your residence. Use a independent bathroom if you can. Do not leave your residence besides to get professional medical treatment.
  • Do not journey whilst sick. Do not use general public transportation or taxis.
  • Preserve observe of your signs or symptoms. You could receive guidelines on how to check and report your signs or symptoms.
  • Use a experience mask or fabric experience include when you see your overall health treatment provider and at any time other people today are in the exact same place with you. If you can not put on a mask, for illustration, due to breathing troubles, people today in your residence should put on a mask if they require to be in the exact same place with you.
  • While rare, there have been cases of people today spreading COVID-19 to animals. For this motive, if you have COVID-19, it’s finest to steer clear of contact with pets or other animals.
  • Adhere to the exact same hygiene methods all people should comply with: include coughs and sneezes, clean your hands, don’t contact your experience, don’t share individual goods, and clear high-contact places in the residence.

You should remain at residence, steer clear of contact with people today, and comply with the guidance of your provider and nearby overall health section about when to end residence isolation.

For the most up-to-date information and details about COVID-19, you can check out the following internet sites:

Facilities for Sickness Regulate and Prevention internet site. Coronavirus Sickness 2019 (COVID-19) –

World Well being Business internet site. Coronavirus Sickness 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic –