Feb. 28, 2020 — Community wellness officials have been urging people to put together — not stress — for the new coronavirus (also recognised as COVID-19). These phone calls took on included urgency as conditions of the virus have started to spike in international locations outside the house China. Here’s what you have to have to know to shield yourself appropriate now:

Dos and Don’ts for All people

DO
clean your arms for at least 20 seconds, many moments a day. Use soap and drinking water or a hand sanitizer with at least sixty% alcohol:

  • In advance of cooking or consuming
  • Following applying the rest room
  • Following blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

Don’t contact your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you have someway appear into get in touch with with the virus, touching your face can assistance it enter your physique.

DO find out the signs or symptoms, which are very similar to flu:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Most conditions do not begin with a runny nose.

Don’t use a mask until you’re sick. Masks assistance shield other folks from catching the virus, but carrying 1 when you’re nutritious won’t do considerably. Demand has been so superior globally that shortages have begun. Go away the masks for people who really have to have them, like the sick or wellness treatment gurus.

DO think about having further precautions and remaining out of public locations if you’re in excess of sixty a long time previous, or have a ailment, as you have a bigger risk of establishing the condition. Notice that as of now, the best-risk groups seem to be seniors and people with preexisting ailments like coronary heart condition, long-term respiratory health conditions, and diabetes.

Don’t vacation if you have a fever. If you get sick on flight, inform crew right away. When you get home, get in touch with a wellness qualified.

DO rethink vacation to affected international locations. At this time, the CDC advises in opposition to all nonessential vacation to China and South Korea. For people in a bigger-risk group — seniors and people with preexisting ailments — the agency indicates postponing nonessential vacation to Italy, Japan, and Iran as nicely. Come across the newest advisories right here.

Don’t stress. At this point, conditions of COVID-19 in the U.S. variety in the dozens. Only 1 has no clear relationship to yet another state or sick individual.

DO: Get ready by producing confident you have supplies at home in situation a person receives sick and requires to be quarantined. This would contain prescription prescription drugs for anybody in the household, other wellness supplies this sort of as in excess of-the-counter ache relievers, and disinfectants to clean house surfaces. Experiments propose that coronaviruses can reside on surfaces for a couple of hrs or up to many times. Clear them routinely with a disinfectant to eliminate the virus.

When COVID-19 has not nevertheless been declared a pandemic, a govt world wide web internet site also indicates keeping a 2-7 days supply of food and drinking water in the situation of a pandemic and getting copies of digital wellness information.

Dos and Don’ts When You Don’t Feel Perfectly

DO
search for assistance early if you have a fever, cough, and a challenging time breathing. But don’t just fall into the closest urgent treatment clinic. Simply call your medical professional to uncover out the protocol initially, to make confident you won’t distribute the condition to other folks.

Don’t go out besides to see your medical professional, following contacting initially. And if you do have to go out, prevent public transportation, taxis, and experience-sharing.

DO cough or sneeze into the criminal of your elbow or a tissue, and dispose of the tissue right away in a covered bin. (You should really be doing this whether or not or not you suspect COVID-19 — you don’t want to distribute a popular cold, both.)

Don’t dangle out with your household or animals if you suspect you have the virus. In purchase to shield them, try to eat and rest independently from them, try to continue to be in 1 room, and use a separate rest room if attainable. Certainly, animals are incorporated in the suggestions. There has been 1 report of a canine tests beneficial in Hong Kong for the virus. But officials there reported they are not confident the canine is actually contaminated. The CDC claims experts don’t know for confident whether or not animals can catch it.

DO use a mask effectively about other folks if you suspect you could have the virus — the mask alone can be a supply of infection if you don’t comply with the tips. The Entire world Health and fitness Organization has videos on when and how to use a mask.

Don’t attain for antibiotics. If you happen to have some lying about from a previous health issues, you could be tempted. But antibiotics operate only on health problems induced by microbes, and the coronavirus is — you guessed it — a virus.

WebMD senior wellness writer Brenda Goodman contributed to this report.

Resources

WHO: “Coronavirus Problem Report 37,” “Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19).”

The Washington Post: “California undertakes substantial hard work to trace contacts of female with coronavirus.”

CDC: “Coronavirus Avoidance and Remedy,” “Symptoms,” “Information for Journey,” “Steps to assistance avert the distribute of COVID-19 if you are sick.”

Time.com: “There Are not Adequate Professional medical Masks to Fight Coronavirus. This is Why It is really Not Heading to Get Much better Anytime Shortly.”

Department of Homeland Security.

WHO push briefing, Feb. 28, 2020.

Small business Insider, “A canine got set in coronavirus quarantine following tests a ‘weak beneficial,’ however it’s unclear whether or not it is actually contaminated.”


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